International Association of Democratic Lawyers (IADL) adopted a resolution against the US hostile policy towards the DPRK on June 20th, 2021

IADL condemns the US hostile policy towards the DPRK

Deep-rooted US policy hostile towards the DPRK dates back over decades.
Korea was liberated from the colonial rule of the Japanese imperialists with the defeat of Japan in August 1945.

The US landed its troops in South Korea and occupied it by force on September 8th, 1945, on the pretext of disarming the vanquished Japanese troops, and ignited aggressive war to remove fresh-founded DPRK in its cradle, thus forcing miserable misfortune to the Korean people.

After the Korean War (1950-1953), the US has intentionally pursued protraction in a state of armistice, systematically abrogating paragraphs of the Korean Armistice Agreement. Article IV, Paragraph 60 of the Korean Armistice Agreement specifies that within three months since the agreement came into effect, both sides should hold a political conference of a higher level to settle the question of the withdrawal of all foreign forces from Korea and so on.

However, the US, on October 1st, 1953, just after they had concluded the Armistice Agreement, adopted the “Mutual Defense Treaty” with South Korea, thus creating artificial difficulties in the course of peaceful settlement of the Korean issue. The US intentionally broke off the Geneva conference for peaceful settlement of the Korean issue in June 1954 and refused to accept a large number of peaceful proposals and initiatives put forth by the DPRK, including the proposal for concluding a peace agreement between the DPRK and the US (1970s), the proposal for convening 3-party talk with South Korea presence in the DPRK-US talk (1980s), the proposal for the establishment of a new peace-keeping system (1990s) and the proposal for declaring the end of the war (2000s), etc.

The US, until now since it started to stage the joint military exercise, “Focus Lens,” with South Korea against the DPRK in 1954, has been persistently waging various nuclear war exercises targeted the DPRK merely changing their names into Focus Retina, Freedom Bolt, Team Sprit, Ulji Focus Lens, Integration of the US Reinforcement, Key Resolve, Foal Eagle, Ulji Freedom Guardian, and Alliance 19-1.

In the early 1950s, the US declared the DPRK as “an enemy state threatening its security” and severed all economic relations with it. Since the US put into force the Trade Agreement Act, the law imposing a ten-fold tariff on the DPRK’s trading partners has imposed sanctions on the DPRK for more than a half-century. The US has imposed unprecedented economic sanctions on the DPRK with all sorts of laws, including Trading with the Enemy Act, Export Administration Act, Foreign Assistance Act, Export-Import Bank Act, while forcing its followers, including the South Korean authorities, not to enter on economic cooperation with the DPRK. These economic sanctions violate Article 41 of the UN Charter, allowing only the Security Council to sanction such measures.

In 1996, the US set up an export-coordinating system like the Wassenaar Agreement in the place of the Coordinating Committee for Export to Communist Area and unprecedentedly intensified controlling of export related to the DPRK through it. Cooperation and exchange between the North and South of Korea were activated under the ideal of our nation itself in the 2000s. Then the US blocked cooperation works in every way, spinning out sophism that “if South Korean authorities offer cooperation to the DPRK and move ahead of the US, can cooperation be created?”, “when some of 386 computers are connected to each other, can they be solely used for a military purpose?”, “as a chemical fertilizer could be used for the production of conventional explosives, its verification should be followed.”

Finding fault with the DPRK over its self-defensive measures for the building of nuclear deterrent to cope with the ever-growing nuclear threat of the US as a provocation, the US instigated the UN to disturb regular trade dealings of the DPRK from 2006 at the time when the DPRK carried out an underground nuclear test, till today.

In order to drive the inter-Korean confrontation to an extreme situation in South Korea, the US set up anti-DPRK plot organizations, including “Civil Alliance for Human Rights in North Korea” and “Network for Democracy in North Korea ” in a big way and has poured a great deal of funds in these organizations. Reportedly, the fund, which the US Department of State provided to the anti-DPRK plot organizations in south Korea annually from 2009, has reached twenty million-odd USD as it was given to the public.

The law on crimes against peace and security of humanity enacted by the UN international law commission at its sixth session in 1954 stipulates in Paragraph 9 of Article 2 that an act of taking political and economic high-handed measures in pursuit of certain interest by forcing one’s intention to the other shall be considered a crime against peace and security of humanity. London Treaty(1933) and resolution of the 29th UN General Assembly held in 1974 also stipulate that blockade-type sanctions against a sovereign state in peacetime shall be regarded as an aggressive and illegal act.

We strongly condemn the US hostile policy towards the DPRK, which infringe upon sovereignty, rights to existence and development of the sovereign state, and UN resolutions unreasonably adopted to suffocate the DPRK, and all forms of inhumane antagonistic maneuvers against the people of DPRK should immediately be stopped.