KDLA statement on US hostile policy against DPRK (Korean Democratic Lawyers Association)

Deep-rooted U.S. policy hostile towards the DPRK dates back over decades. After World War II, the U.S. designated the DPRK as “arch enemy” on the pretext of that latter had different ideology and system, and puts an obstacle to its strategy for holding hegemony over the whole world. Since then it has persistently pursued its hostile policy towards the DPRK. Since the DPRK emerged as a sovereign state in the international arena, the U.S. never recognized the DPRK’s sovereignty and left no stone unturned in stifling it. Korea was liberated from the colonial rule of the Japanese imperialists with defeat of Japan in August, 1945. The U.S. landed its troops in south Korea and occupied it by force on September 8th, 1945 on the pretext of disarming the vanquished Japanese troops, and ignited aggressive war to remove fresh-founded DPRK in its cradle, thus forcing miserable misfortune to the Korean people. After the Korean War (1950-1953), the US has intentionally pursued protraction in a state of armistice, systematically abrogating paragraphs of the Korean Armistice Agreement. Article IV, Paragraph 60 of the Korean Armistice Agreement specifies that within three months since the agreement came into effect, both sides should hold a political conference of a higher-level to settle the question of the withdrawal of all foreign forces from Korea and so on. However, the U.S., on October 1st, 1953 just after they had concluded the Armistice Agreement, adopted the “Mutual Defense Treaty” with south Korea, thus creating artificial difficulties in the course of peaceful settlement of the Korean issue. The U.S. intentionally broke off the Geneva conference for peaceful settlement of the Korean issue in June, 1954 and refused to accept a large number of peaceful proposals and initiatives put forth by the DPRK including proposal for concluding a peace agreement between the DPRK and the U.S. (1970s), proposal for convening 3-party talk with south Korea presence in the DPRK-US talk (1980s), proposal for establishment of new peace-keeping system (1990s) and proposal for declaring the end of the war (2000s), etc. U.S. has finalized new war plans targeted the DPRK in accordance with several categories including the “Operation Plan 5029”, “Operation Plan 5030”, “Operation Plan 5012” aimed at invading the DPRK by armed forces and imposing military rule in contingency. The U.S., until now since it started to stage the joint military exercise, “Focus Lens”, with south Korea against the DPRK in 1954, has been persistently waging various nuclear war exercises targeted the DPRK merely changing their names into Focus Retina, Freedom Bolt, Team Sprit, Ulji Focus Lens, Integration of the US Reinforcement, Key Resolve, Foal Eagle, Ulji Freedom Guardian and Alliance 19-1. The U.S. hostile moves towards the DPRK went on without cease. In early 1950s the U.S. declared the DPRK as “an enemy state threatening its security” and severed all economic relations with it. Since the U.S. put into force the Trade Agreement Act, law imposing a ten-fold tariff on the DPRK’s trading partners, it has imposed sanctions on the DPRK for more than a half century. On the pretext that raw materials for cosmetics could be used in making chemical weapons, rice supplied to the army and equipment for chemical industry diverted to another purpose, the U.S. restricted or cut off all dealings with the DPRK from civilian goods to industrial equipment and cutting-edge technology. The US has imposed unprecedented economic sanctions on the DPRK with all sorts of laws including Trading with the Enemy Act, Export Administration Act, Foreign Assistance Act, Export-Import Bank Act, while forcing its followers including the south Korean authorities not to enter on economic cooperation with the DPRK. In 1996, the U.S. set up export-coordinating system like the Wassenaar Agreement in the place of the Coordinating Committee for Export to Communist Area and unprecedentedly intensified controlling of export related to the DPRK through it. Cooperation and exchange between the north and south of Korea was activated under the ideal of by our nation itself in the 2000s. Then the U.S. blocked cooperation works in every way, spinning out sophism that “if south Korean authorities offers cooperation to the DPRK and move ahead of the U.S., can cooperation be created?”, “when some of 386 computers are connected to each other, can they be solely used for a military purpose”, “as a chemical fertilizer could be used for production of conventional explosives, its verification should be followed.” U.S. put the DPRK on the list of tariff area as enemy state and froze funds of the DPRK in other countries. Not content with this, it disturbed and maneuvered so that the DPRK couldn’t do trade transactions with other countries and enter into the foreign markets. Still worse, the U.S. incited the international organizations to impose economic sanctions and embargoes on the DPRK. Finding a fault with the DPRK over its self-defensive measures for building of nuclear deterrent to cope with ever-growing nuclear threat of the U.S. as a provocation, the U.S. instigated the UN to disturb regular trade dealings of the DPRK from 2006 at the time when the DPRK carried out an underground nuclear test, till today. In addition, the U.S. spared no fund and investment in espionages and moves for ideological and cultural infiltration, and in undermining from its interior aimed at overthrowing the DPRK system. In order to drive the inter-Korean confrontation to extreme situation in south Korea, the U.S. set up anti-DPRK plot organizations including “Civil Alliance for Human Rights in north Korea” and “Network for Democracy in north Korea ” in a big way and has poured a great deal of funds in these organizations. Reportedly, the fund, which the U.S. Department of State provided to the anti-DPRK plot organizations in south Korea annually from 2009, has reached to twenty million-odd USD as it was given to the public. The U.S. policy hostile towards the DPRK that perpetrated unprecedented political isolation and economic blockade, military pressures and anti-DPRK smear campaign, and attempted to inflict even a nuclear holocaust, clearly shows how stubborn and extreme policy it is. As anti-DPRK hostile policy by the U.S. and its vassal forces to stifle a whole country and a whole nation is the most persistent and harsh inhumane hostility towards a sovereign state, it runs counter to purposes and principles of the UN Charter which stipulate that is to maintain international peace and security, develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for principle of equal rights and self-determination of people and shall refrain from threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state. The law on crimes against peace and security of humanity enacted by the UN international law commission at its six session in 1954 stipulates in Paragraph 9 of Article 2 that an act of taking political and economic high-handed measures in pursuit of certain interest by forcing one’s intention to the other shall be considered a crime against peace and security of humanity. London Treaty(1933) and resolution of the 29th UN General Assembly held in 1974 also stipulate that blockade-type sanctions against a sovereign state in peacetime shall be regarded as an aggressive and illegal act. It is legitimate rights of the sovereign state for a country to decide on and carry out all issues related with national interest of the country at its own discretion, determination and on its own efforts without outside intervention. It also remains important matter which should be observed in the international relations without fail But contrary to such international laws, the US illegally occupied south Korea and has desperately resorted to hostile policy towards the DPRK over the span of half a century till now. We strongly condemn the US hostile policy towards the DPRK which infringe upon sovereignty, rights to existence and development of the sovereign state and UN resolutions unreasonably adopted to suffocate the DPRK, and all forms of inhumane antagonistic maneuvers against the people of DPRK should immediately be stopped. Korean Democratic Lawyers Association